Close Menu
S2 Art and Design
You are here: Subjects > Art and Design Department > S2 Art and Design

Welcome S2 Art and Design students! In your second year at Rosshall Academy studying Art, you will begin to develop your skills and explore different Artists and materials. Below is some information and a few videos to inspire you.

Please send us any of your artwork on twitter @Rosshall_Art


Things to brush up on for S2

You will have covered most of these in S1, but if you want to stay ahead of the game, learning about Visual Elements and the correct word-use surrounding them, is important.

To refresh your memory:


Line is the path left by a moving point. For example, a pencil or a brush dipped in paint.

A line can take many forms. It can be horizontal, diagonal or curved. It can also change over its length, starting off curved and ending up horizontal, for example.

Line can be used to show many different qualities, such as:

  • contours - showing the shape and form of something

  • feelings or expressions - a short, hard line gives a different feeling to a more flowing one

  • movements



A shape is an area enclosed by a line. It could be just an outline or it could be shaded in.

Shapes can be either geometric, like a circle, square or triangle, or irregular.

When drawing shapes, you must consider the size and position as well as the shape of the area around it. The shapes created in the spaces between shapes are referred to as negative space.



Form is a three dimensional shape, such as a cube, sphere or cone.

Sculpture and 3D design are about creating forms.

In 2D artworks, tone and perspective can be used to create an illusion of form



This refers to the lightness or darkness of something. This could be a shade or how dark or light a colour appears.

Tones are created by the way light falls on a 3D object. The parts of the object on which the light is strongest are called highlights and the darker areas are called shadows. There will a range of tones in between the highlights and shadows.


Shading is used to capture these different tones in a drawing. It helps to create an illusion of form in a 2D artwork. When shading it's important to think about the direction of the marks you are making as this can help to emphasise the form of the object.


Contrast means the amount of difference between the lightest and darkest tones. It should be combined with a range of mid tones. Contrast in tones can help create a dramatic artwork.



This is to do with the surface quality of something, the way something feels or looks like it feels. There are two types of texture: actual texture and visual texture.

Actual texture really exists, so you can feel it or touch it. You can create actual texture in an artwork by changing the surface, such as sticking different fabrics onto a canvas. Combining different material techniques can create interesting textures.

Visual texture is created using marks to represent actual texture. It gives the illusion of a texture or surface but if you touched it, it would be smooth. You can create visual texture by using different lines, shapes, colours or tones. Think about how different marks can be used to show texture.



A design that is created by repeating lines, shapes, tones or colours. The design used to create a pattern is often referred to as a motif. Motifs can be simple shapes or complex arrangements.

Patterns can be man-made, like a design on fabric, or natural, such as the markings on animal fur.



Red, yellow and blue are primary colours, which means they can't be mixed using any other colours. In theory, all other colours can be mixed from these three colours.

Two primary colours mixed together make a secondary colour.

  • Colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel are calledharmonious.

  • Complementary colours are colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel. When complementary colours are used together they createcontrast. Adding a colour's complimentary colour will usually make a darker shade. This is often preferable to adding black.

  • Warm colours are colours on the red side of the wheel. These are red and include orange, yellow, browns and tans.

  • Cool colours are colours on the blue side of the wheel. These are blue and include green, violet and most greys.

  • Black, white and grey are called neutral colours.



What will you be doing this year?

In S2 you can choose art TWICE A WEEK and why wouldn't you, art is loads of fun!



...a painting or drawing of an arrange objects, typically including fruit and flowers and objects contrasting with these in texture, such as bowls and glassware.




In design students will look at styles of art like POP ART and will get the opportunity to further their design skills. S2 is the time to push yourself and try new things and perhaps take part in creating props for the school show or work on posters.